Korean Medical Education Review 2008;10(2):25-44.
의학교육연구의 질을 향상시키기 위한 ‘연구보고의 표준’ 의 활용.
유지수
연세대학교 간호대학
Using of the “Consolidated Standard of Reporting Trials: CONSORT" to heighten quality of Medical Education study
Ji-Soo Yoo
College of Nursing, Yonsei University
Correspondence:  Ji-Soo Yoo
Abstract
Objectives : Through using of the strong research method like a Randomized Controlled Trial: RCT, we have to heighten quality of Medical Education study. I’ d like to introduce "CONSORT", which stands for Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials. Contents : Preventive Service Task Force(2001) in USA proposed Levels of evidence for enlarging evidence-based Practice: EBP. And the CONSORT was introduced, which encompasses various initiatives developed by the CONSORT Group to alleviate the problems arising from inadequate reporting of randomized controlled trials (RCTs), the CONSORT has 13 guides like these: 1.How participants were allocated to interventions 2.Scientific background and explanation of rationale 3.Eligibility criteria for participants. The settings and locations where the data were collected. 4. Precise details of the interventions intended for each group and how and when they were actually administered 5. Specific objectives and hypotheses 6.Clearly defined primary and secondary outcome measures, When applicable, any methods to enhance the quality of measurements (e.g., multiple observations , training of assessorss) 7. How sample size was determined, When applicable, explanation of any interim analyses and stopping rules 8. Method used to generate the random allocation sequence, Details of any restriction [of randomization] 9. Method used to implement the random allocation sequence 10.Who generated the allocation sequence, who enrolled participants, and who assigned participants to their groups 11.Whether or not par icipants,, those administering the interventions, and those assessing the outcomes were blinded to group assignment, If done, how the success of blinding was evaluated 12. Statistical methods used to compare groups for primary outcome(s), Methods for additional analyses, such as subgroup analyses and adjusted analyses 13. Flow of participants through each stage (a diagram is strongly recommended) Specifically, for each group report the numbers of participants randomly assigned, receiving intended treatment, completing the study protocol, and analyzed for the primary outcome. Results and Conclusion : Randomized Controlled Trial: RCT guided of CONSORT will contribute to do stronger evidence-based medical studies.
Key Words: CONSORT, Randomized Controlled Trial: RCT, quality of Medical Education study
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